Plot | Literary Devices


plot in literature

A plot is a causal sequence of events, the "why" for the things that happen in the story. The plot draws the reader into the character's lives and helps the reader understand the choices that the characters make. A plot's structure is the way in which the story elements are arranged. Writers vary structure depending on the needs of the story. Plot, in fiction, the structure of interrelated actions, consciously selected and arranged by the author. Plot involves a considerably higher level of narrative organization than normally occurs in a story or fable. According to E.M. Forster in Aspects of the Novel (), a story is a “narrative. Plot. Definition: A simple word for a simple idea. What happens in the story? Plot refers to the events, scenes, and actions that make up a narrative in a work of literature.

What is a Plot? Definition, Examples of Literary Plots - Writing Explained

Plot refers to the sequence of events inside a story where each event affects the next through the principle of cause-and-effect. The causal events of a plot can be thought of as a plot in literature of events linked by the connector "and so". Plot in literature can vary from simple structures—such as in a traditional ballad —to complex interwoven structures sometimes referred to by the term imbroglio. In the narrative sense, the term highlights important points which have consequences within the story, according to Ansen Dibell.

Plot is similar in meaning to the term storyline. English novelist E. Forster described plot as the cause-and-effect relationship between events in a story.

According to Forster, " The king died, plot in literature, and then the queen died, is a story, while The king died, and then the queen died of grief, is a plot. The first event is causally related to the third event, while the second event, though descriptive, does not directly impact the outcome.

A story orders events from beginning plot in literature end in a time sequence. Another example of a memorable scene which is not part of the plot occurs in the film The Empire Strikes Backwhen Han Solo is frozen in carbonite. A tornado picks up a house and drops it on a witch, a little girl meets some interesting traveling companions, plot in literature, a wizard sends them on a mission, and they melt a witch with a bucket of plot in literature. A fabula is the events in the fictional world, whereas a syuzhet is a perspective of those events.

This definition is usually used in narratology, in parallel with Forster's definition. The fabula story is what happened in chronological order. In contrast, the syuzhet plot means a unique sequence of discourse that was sorted out by the implied author. The Russian formalistViktor Shklovskyviewed the syuzhet as the fabula defamiliarized. Today screenwriters generally combine plot with plot structure into what is called a treatmentsometimes referred to as the three-act structure, in which a film is divided into three acts: the set-upthe confrontation and the resolution, plot in literature.

The conception of the three-act structure has been attributed to American screenwriter Syd Field who described plot structure in this tripartite way for film analysis. The Greek philosopher Aristotlewriting in the fourth century BC in his classic book The Poeticsconsidered plot or mythos as the most important element of drama, even more important than character.

In tragedythe appropriate emotions are fear and pityemotions which he considers in plot in literature Rhetoric. Aristotle's work on comedy has not survived. Aristotle goes on to consider whether the tragic character suffers pathosand whether the tragic character commits the error with knowledge of what he is doing. He illustrates this with the question of a tragic character who is about to kill someone in his family.

InGustav Freytag, a German writer, advocated a model based upon Aristotle's theory of tragedy. This is now called "Freytag's pyramid," which divides a drama into five parts, and provides function to each part.

These parts are: exposition originally called introductionrising action riseclimax, plot in literature, falling action return or falland denouement catastrophe. The first phase in Freytag's pyramid is the exposition, which introduces the characters, plot in literature, especially the main character, also known as the protagonist.

It shows how the characters relate to one another, their goals and motivations, as well as their moral character. During the exposition, the protagonist learns their main goal and what is at stake, plot in literature. Rising action is the second phase in Freytag's five-phase structure. It starts with a conflict, for example, the death of a character. The inciting incident is the point of the plot that begins the conflict.

It is the event that catalyzes the protagonist to go into motion and to take action. Rising action involves the buildup of events until the climax. In this phase, the protagonist understands his or her goal and begins to work toward it. Smaller problems thwart their initial success and their progress is directed primarily against these secondary obstacles. This phase demonstrates how the protagonist overcomes these obstacles, plot in literature. The climax is the turning point or highest point of the story.

The protagonist makes the single big decision that defines not only the outcome of the story, but also who they are as a person. Freytag defines the climax as the third of the five dramatic phases which occupies the middle of the story. At the beginning of this phase, the protagonist finally clears away the preliminary barriers and engages with the adversary.

Usually, both the protagonist and the antagonist have plot in literature plan to win against the other as they enter this phase. For the first time, the audience sees the pair going against one another in direct or nearly direct conflict. This struggle usually results in neither character completely winning or losing.

In most cases, each character's plan is both partially successful and partially foiled by their adversary. The central struggle between the two characters is unique in that the protagonist makes a decision which shows their moral quality, and ultimately decides their fate.

In a tragedy, the protagonist here makes a poor decision or a miscalculation that demonstrates their tragic flaw. According to Freytag, the falling action phase consists plot in literature events that lead to the ending.

Character's actions resolve the problem. In the beginning of this phase, the antagonist often has the upper hand. The protagonist has never been further from accomplishing their goal. The outcome depends on which side the protagonist has put themselves on. In this phase the protagonist and antagonist have solved their problems and either the protagonist or antagonist wins the conflict. The conflict officially ends. A plot device is a means of advancing the plot in a story.

It is often used to motivate characters, create urgency, plot in literature, or resolve a difficulty. This can be contrasted with moving a story forward with dramatic technique; that is, plot in literature, by making things happen because characters take action for well-developed reasons.

An example of a plot device would be when the cavalry shows up at the last moment and saves the day in a battle. In contrast, an adversarial character who has been struggling with himself and saves the day due to a change of heart would be considered dramatic technique.

Familiar types of plot devices include the deus ex plot in literaturethe MacGuffinthe red herringand Chekhov's gun. A plot outline is a prose telling of a story which can be turned into a screenplay. Sometimes it is called a "one page" because of its length. It is generally longer and more detailed than a standard synopsis, which is usually only one or two paragraphs, but shorter and less detailed than a treatment or a step outline.

In comics, the roughs refer to a stage in the development where the story has been broken down very loosely in a style similar to storyboarding in film development. This stage is also referred to as storyboarding or layouts.

In Japanese manga, this stage is called the nemu pronounced like the English word "name". The roughs are quick sketches arranged within a suggested page layout. The main goals of roughs are to:. In fiction writing, a plot outline is a laundry list of scenes with each line being a separate plot point, and the outline helps give a story a "solid backbone and structure".

An A-Plot is a cinema and television term referring to the plotline that drives the story. This does not necessarily mean it is the most important, but rather the one that forces most of the action.

A plot summary is a brief description of a piece of literature that explains what happens. In a plot summary, the author and title of the book should be referred to. Also, it is no more than a paragraph long while summarizing the main points of the story. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Plot disambiguation. Concept in narratology: presentation plot in literature a sequence of events in a narrative work.

Main article: Fabula and syuzhet. See also: Dramatic structure and Three-act structure. Main article: Dramatic structure. Main article: Plot device. Elements of Fiction Writing. Writer's Digest Books. Plot is built of significant events in a given story — significant because they have important consequences. Taking a shower isn't necessarily plot Let's call them incidents Plot is the things characters do, plot in literature, feel, think or say, that make a difference to what comes afterward.

A Dictionary of Narratology Revised ed. University of Nebraska Press. A Dictionary of Stylistics. Longman Linguistics 3 ed. Aspects of plot in literature Novel. Mariner Books. California State University, Long Beach. Archived from the original on Retrieved Lee T. Lemon and Marion J.


Doki Doki Literature Club! - Wikipedia


plot in literature


Doki Doki Literature Club! is a American visual novel developed by Team Salvato for Microsoft Windows, macOS, and game was initially distributed through, and later became available on story follows a male high school student who joins the school's literature club and interacts with its four female Ren'Py. Plot. Definition: A simple word for a simple idea. What happens in the story? Plot refers to the events, scenes, and actions that make up a narrative in a work of literature. A-Plot. An A-Plot is a cinema and television term referring to the plotline that drives the story. This does not necessarily mean it is the most important, but rather the one that forces most of the action. Plot summary. A plot summary is a brief description of a piece of literature that explains what happens.