Case Study Method in Psychology | Simply Psychology

 

case study methods

Case studies are a popular research method in business area. Case studies aim to analyze specific issues within the boundaries of a specific environment, situation or organization. According to its design, case studies in business research can be divided into three categories: explanatory, descriptive and exploratory. Indeed, when case study research is done poorly, these and other challenges can come together in a negative way, potentially re-creating conventional preju-dices against the case study method. In contrast, contemporary case study research calls for meeting . Research methods - Case studies. STUDY. PLAY. What is the purpose of a case study? To investigate a single person, group or event in a detailed and in-depth manner. Often used when its only possible/practical to study one person/event at a time because person/event is unique, rare, important, and needs a lot of time and resources to study.


Case study - Wikipedia


The case study research design have evolved over the past few years as a useful tool for investigating trends and specific situations in many scientific disciplines, case study methods. The case study has been especially used in social science, psychology, anthropology and ecology. This method of study is especially useful for trying to test theoretical models by using them in real world situations.

For example, if an anthropologist were to live amongst a remote tribe, whilst their observations might produce no quantitative data, they are still useful to science. Basically, a case study is an in depth study case study methods a particular situation rather than a sweeping statistical survey.

It is a method used to narrow down a very broad field of research into one easily researchable topic. Whilst it will not answer a question completely, it will give some indications and allow further elaboration and hypothesis creation on a subject.

The case study research design is also useful for testing whether scientific theories and models actually work in the real world. You may come out with a great computer model for describing how the ecosystem of a rock pool works but it is only by trying it out on a real life pool that you can see if it is a realistic simulation. For psychologists, case study methods, anthropologists and social scientists they have been regarded as a valid method of research for many years, case study methods.

Scientists are sometimes guilty of becoming bogged down in the general picture and it is sometimes important to understand specific cases and ensure a more holistic approach to research.

Some argue that because a case study is such a narrow field that its results cannot be extrapolated to fit an entire question and that they show only one narrow example. On the other hand, it is argued that a case study provides more realistic responses than a purely statistical survey. The truth probably lies between the two and it is probably best to try and synergize the two approaches.

It is valid to conduct case studies but they should be tied in with more general statistical processes. For example, a statistical survey might show how much time people spend talking on mobile phones, but it is case studies of a narrow group that will determine why this is so, case study methods.

The other main thing to remember during case studies is their flexibility. Whilst a pure scientist is trying to prove or disprove a hypothesiscase study methods, a case study might introduce new and unexpected results during its course, and lead to research taking new directions.

The argument between case study and statistical method also appears to be one case study methods scale. Whilst many 'physical' scientists avoid case studies, for psychology, anthropology and ecology they are an essential tool.

It is important to ensure that you realize that a case study cannot be generalized to fit a whole population or ecosystem. Finally, one peripheral point is case study methods, when informing others of your results, case studies make more interesting topics than purely statistical surveys, case study methods, something that has been realized by teachers and magazine editors for many years.

The general public has little interest in pages of statistical calculations but some well placed case studies can have a strong impact. The advantage of the case study research design is that you can focus on specific and interesting cases. This may be an attempt to test a theory with a typical case or it can be a specific topic that is of interest.

Research should be thorough and note taking should be meticulous and systematic. The first foundation of the case study is the subject and relevance, case study methods. In a case study, you are deliberately trying to isolate a small study group, one individual case or one particular population.

For example, statistical analysis may have shown that birthrates in African countries are increasing. A case study on case study methods or two specific countries becomes a powerful and focused tool for determining the social and economic pressures driving this.

In the design of a case study, it is important to plan and design how you are going to address the study and make sure that all collected data is relevant. Unlike a scientific report, there is no strict set of rules so the most important part is making sure that the study is focused and concise; otherwise you will end up having to wade through a lot of irrelevant information.

It is best if you make yourself a short list of 4 or 5 bullet points that you are going to try and address during the study. If you make sure that all research refers back to these then you will not be far wrong. With a case study, even more than a questionnaire or surveyit is important to be passive in your research.

You are much more of an observer than an experimenter and you must remember that, even in a multi-subject case, each case must be treated individually and then cross case conclusions can be drawn. Analyzing results for a case study tends to be more opinion based than statistical methods. The usual idea is to try and collate your data into a manageable form and case study methods a narrative around it.

Use examples in your narrative whilst keeping things concise and interesting. It is useful to show some numerical data but case study methods that you are only trying to judge trends and not analyze every last piece of data.

Constantly refer back to your bullet points so that you do not lose focus. It is always a good idea to assume that a person reading your research may not possess a lot of knowledge of the subject so try to write accordingly. In addition, unlike a scientific study which deals with facts, a case study is based on opinion and is very much designed to provoke reasoned debate. There really is no right or wrong answer in a case study.

Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Martyn Shuttleworth Apr 1, Case Study Research Case study methods. Retrieved Sep 03, from Explorable, case study methods. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4. That is it, case study methods. You can use it freely with some kind of linkand we're also okay with people reprinting in publications case study methods books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations with clear attribution.

Want the full version to study at home, take to school or just scribble on? Whether you are an academic novice, or you simply want to brush up your skills, this book will take your academic writing skills to the next level, case study methods. Get PDF. Download electronic versions: - Epub for mobiles and tablets - PDF version here. Don't have time for it all now?

No problem, save case study methods as a course and come back to it later. Martyn Shuttleworth Don't miss these related articles:. Back to Overview "Research Design", case study methods. Full reference:.

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12 Case Study Method Advantages and Disadvantages - beralpasa.cf

 

case study methods

 

Case study method enables a researcher to closely examine the data within a specific context. In most cases, a case study method selects a small geographical area or a very limited number of individuals as the subjects of study. Case studies, in their true essence, explore and. Aug 24,  · The case study method was originally developed in the field of clinical medicine. It has expanded since to other industries to examine key results, either positive or negative, that were received through a specific set of decisions. Research methods - Case studies. STUDY. PLAY. What is the purpose of a case study? To investigate a single person, group or event in a detailed and in-depth manner. Often used when its only possible/practical to study one person/event at a time because person/event is unique, rare, important, and needs a lot of time and resources to study.